Rangkuman Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 Bab 9
Chapter 9 : The Battle of Surabaya
Definition of Recount Text
Recount text is a text that explain for the experience that happened in the past.
(Recount text adalah sebuah teks yang menjelaskan pengalaman yang terjadi di masa lampau).
Since happened in the past of course must use simple past tense.
(Karena terjadi dimasa lampau tentu saja kita harus menggunakan simple past tense)
Structure of Recount Text
Structure of recount text is:
(Struktur dari recount text adalah: )
- Series of events
In orientation, we tell the introduction of situation we want to tell, such as who, what, when, and where.
(Dalam orientation kita memperkenalkan situasi yang akan kita sampaikan, seperti siapa, apa, kapan, dan dimana)
In series of events, we tell the experience we had in chronological order, start from first until the end.
(Dalam series of events, kita menjelaskan pengalaman yang terjadi secara berurutan, mulai dari awal hingga akhir)
In reorientation, we give personal comments regarding the events. It’s really depend to the experience itself, can be positive or negative.
(Dalam reorientation, kita memberikan pendapat pribadi kita tentang kejadian tersebut. Nah ini sangat bergantung pada pengalaman tersebut, bisa saja komentar positif ataupun negatif)
Recount Text Example
Here below the examples of recount text:
(Dibawah ini adalah contoh dari recount text: )
The Battle of Surabaya
On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army. British Army at that time was part of the Allied Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary leader who played a very important role in this battle.
It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command of Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement stated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.
However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed.
On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death, but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city.
In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2000.
Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution.
Simple Past Tense
Simple past tense is used when we talk about something happened in the past.
(Simple past tense digunakan ketika berbicara tentang sesuatu yang telah terjadi di masa lampau).
Formula of Simple Past Tense
For positive form:
S + V2
For negative form:
S + did + not + v1
For interrogative form:
Did + S + V1 + ?
Example of Simple Past Tense
Here below the example of simple past tense in each form:
(Berikut ini adalah contoh dari simple past tense dalam setiap bentuk: )
(+) I played a lot yesterday.
(-) I did not play a lot yesterday.
(?) Did I play a lot yesterday?
(+) You broke the glass last night.
(-) You did not break the glass last night.
(?) Did you break the glass last night?